Vermiculite is a member of the phyllosilicate group of minerals, resembling mica in appearance. It is found in various parts of the world, vermiculite is basically a hydrated phlogopite mica which has the remarkable ability to expand to many times than its original volume when heated at 850 °C.Vermiculite is most widely used in its exfoliated form. The concertina-shaped granules of exfoliated vermiculite are non-combustible as well as being insoluble in water and all organic solvents